This is followed by an attempt to correct the hernia surgically. Separation Anxiety in Dogs. The Canadian veterinary journal. Questions, Answers, and Interim Guidelines". Canine Inherited Disorders Database. The fistula is the tunnel that connects the gland to that opening.
Bacteria that are normally present in the feces can readily travel up the ducts and enter the sacs. Your doctor will look for signs of oozing fluid or bleeding. My Dog ate Aluminum Foil! An anal fistula is a tunnel that runs from inside the anus -- the hole your body uses to get rid of solid waste -- to somewhere in the skin around it. Cyclosporine and tacrolimus have both been employed successfully. Straining to defecate, perianal pain and bleeding, constipation, licking of the area, and a smelly discharge are typical.
When do you light candles? Anal sac irrigation with saline solution may be needed to break up dense anal gland secretions. Sometimes, a biopsy may be recommended to rule out tumors or other conditions that can similarly affect the anal area. Archived from the original on July 16, Retrospective study of small-sized dogs:
When the anal sac disease is at the impaction stage, the most common treatment is an outpatient procedure called expression in which the veterinarian applies pressure to the anal glands until the thickened secretions are expelled from the sacs. However, prolapses involving other parts of the intestine can have a similar appearance. The anal sacs are two small pouches located on either side of the anus at approximately the four o'clock and eight o'clock positions. For infection , the sacs must be expressed and antibiotics administered to kill the bacteria. Supplemental fiber may be recommended to increase fecal bulk, which facilitates anal sac compression and emptying.